UK Embassy in India: British High Commission in India


 British High Commission in India

We are professional, respected, principled and honest. This is demonstrated by our global engagement in the UN (P5), EU, G8 and Commonwealth - the UK held the presidency of the G8 and the EU in 2005. And through our well known commitment to justice, human rights, the rule of law and international security.

GLOBAL PARTNERS AND THE PRIME MINISTERS’ INITIATIVE

Britain and India share a global vision and democratic values. UK and India both play a proactive role in international affairs. Both have a strong interest in success of multilateralism. Both play vital roles in the UN, WTO, Commonwealth and range of other bodies.

Prime Ministers’ Initiative

As the PMs agreed in September 2005, the bilateral relationship has never been better. Our co-operation is underpinned by then Prime Ministers’ Initiative signed on 20 September 2004, setting out a new strategic partnership between the UK and India.

The Initiative identifies key areas for co-operation:

 
Foreign and Defence Policy including the fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

Home Affairs issues, such as combating illegal immigration and building on our excellent cooperation on counter-terrorism.

Economic and trade issues, both developing bilateral trade and working together on international issues.

 Science and technology, by tapping the rich vein of innovative talent we both share.

Sustainable Development, as we help to solve the world's environmental problems.

Expanding on our flourishing educational and cultural links.

UK Foreign Policy

In March 2006 we published a White paper outlining the forward plan for British Diplomacy. It identified ten strategic policy priorities which focus on such issues as: Counter-Terrorism, Sustainable development, Climate change, Weapons of mass destruction, Energy supply, a liberal, global Trading Regime.
The White Paper positions India as a global player with significant influence along with China, Japan and Russia. It states: "India is an important partner on global economic and political issues including energy and climate change, serious regional crises, and global non-proliferation. As the world’s largest democracy, India will have a growing influence in international affairs and on the global economy. It will have particular strengths in the service and knowledge sectors, while broadening the base of its growth. We are strong advocates of India gaining a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. Our two countries share a modern relationship.

UN Security Council Seat


UK strongly supports India's candidature for a Permanent Seat in the UN Security Council and will continue to work with India to achieve this.

EU

India is a strategic partner for the EU. The UK is looking to develop this relation ship, including in the area of counter terrorism, on which the EU and India will work increasingly closely together. Promoting an effective EU in India complements our activity in promoting the UK.

G8

The UK wants India to take part in the work of the G8 and we therefore invited Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh to the G8 Summit at Gleneagles in July 2005.This was the first time India had been invited to a G8 heads of government meeting.


PARTNERS IN DIVERSITY

Both countries have wealth of cultural and ethnic diversity. India's diversity is legendary. In the UK ethnic minorities make up 8 per cent of the population: modern UK is a success in multiculturalism. Indian origin community in the UK now numbers over 1 million and is the most prosperous of the major ethnic communities in the country. A vital bridge between two countries.

DEVELOPMENT - DFID INDIA 


·    DFID supports the Government of India in its efforts to achieve the poverty reduction objectives of the Government of India and the internationally agreed Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
·    DFID supports India's Five Year Plans - which contain national poverty reduction plans. The Eleventh Plan is to come into effect from 2007-2012. DFID is timing its new Country Assistance Plan (CAP) to align with GoI’s planning cycle and the CAP will be formally launched in December 2007.
·    DFID has provided about £1095 million to India in bilateral aid over the past five years.  In 2006/07 our financial support to India was £233m; rising to £266m in 2007/08 and £290m in 2008/9.
·    DFID works in partnership with the Union and State Governments.
·    DFID is committed to continuing to develop strategic programme at the national level as well as supporting programmes in its partner states: Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. We are soon to begin working in Bihar.
·    Both our national and state programmes are focused around promoting equitable growth and better quality health and education. We also have several urbanisation and rural livelihoods programmes.
·    DFID's National Programme supports government in the Centre, and other national organisations, to tackle poverty across all states. The major effort is on helping roll out nation-wide basic health and education services; 



Note: most of Information is taken from website UK in India and UK border agency visa services.
 

TOP Story -  Tier 1 Visa - Investor

UK immigration under all other tiers requires the sponsoring business, college or other institution to be licensed as a sponsor, and to provide them with a sponsorship certificate, enabling them to apply for entry clearance.

Tier 1 replaces the Highly Skilled Migrant Programme (HSMP) and aims to allow the most highly skilled applicants to relocate to the UK as quickly as possible. However, while no sponsor is required applicants must reach a minimum points threshold based on a range or criteria.
General Requirements

The investor visa sub category of the five-tier immigration system does not impose the general requirement for proficiency in the English language. This requirement is mandatory for the General and Entrepreneur streams with a high level of proficiency required to pass. However, in the Investor category since applicants are unlikely to need to work, this requirement is deemed unnecessary.

Similarly, whilst the mandatory requirement that applicants must be able to financially support both themselves and their dependents is a feature of the other Tier 1 -visa sub categories, it does not apply to the Investor category.

By definition those investing sufficient funds to pass the requirements do not need to undergo a maintenance test.
Specific Requirements

As with all categories of Tier 1, the Investor category requires candidates to meet or exceed a pass mark of 75 points.

 

Great Britain (informally Britain[5]) (Welsh: Prydain Fawr, Scottish Gaelic: Breatainn Mhòr) is an island[6] situated to the northwest of Continental Europe. It is the ninth largest island in the world, and the largest European island, as well as the largest of the British Isles. With a population of about 60.0 million people in mid-2009,[3][7] it is the third most populated island on Earth. Great Britain is surrounded by over 1,000[8] smaller islands and islets. The island of Ireland lies to its west. Politically, Great Britain may also refer to the island itself together with a number of surrounding islands which comprise the territory of England, Scotland and Wales.

All of the island is territory of the sovereign state of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and most of the United Kingdom's territory is in Great Britain. Most of England, Scotland, and Wales are on the island of Great Britain, as are their respective capital cities: London, Edinburgh, and Cardiff.

The Kingdom of Great Britain resulted from the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland with the Acts of Union 1707 on 1 May 1707 under Queen Anne. In 1801, under a new Act of Union, this kingdom merged with the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. After the Irish War of Independence most of Ireland seceded from the Union, which then became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The island has a relatively small variety of fauna and flora, due to its size and the fact that wildlife has had little time to develop since the last ice age. The high level of urbanisation on the island has contributed to a species extinction rate that is about 100 times greater than the background species extinction rate.
Great Britain is the largest island of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Politically, Great Britain refers to England, Scotland and Wales in combination,[9] and therefore also includes a number of outlying islands such as the Isle of Wight, Anglesey, the Isles of Scilly, the Hebrides, and the island groups of Orkney and Shetland. It does not include the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands which are not part of the United Kingdom, instead being self-governing dependent territories of that state with their own legislative and taxation systems.[9][10]

The union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland began with the 1603 Union of Crowns, a personal union under James VI of Scotland, I of England. The political union that joined the two countries happened in 1707, with the Acts of Union merging the parliaments of the two nations, and forming the Kingdom of Great Britain, which covered the entire island.
Geographical definition
Further information: Geography of England, Geography of Scotland, and Geography of Wales

Great Britain lies to the northwest of Continental Europe and east of Ireland. It is separated from the continent by the North Sea and by the English Channel, which narrows to 34 kilometres (21 miles) at the Straits of Dover.[11] It stretches over about ten degrees of latitude on its longer, north-south axis, and occupies an area of 209,331 km² (80,823 square miles), excluding all the smaller surrounding islands of the archipelago.[12] The North Channel, Irish Sea, St George's Channel and Celtic Sea separate the island from the island of Ireland to its west.[13] The island is physically connected with continental Europe via the Channel Tunnel, the longest undersea rail tunnel in the world which was completed in 1993. Geographically, the island is marked by low, rolling countryside in the east and south, while hills and mountains predominate in the western and northern regions. It is surrounded by over 1,000 smaller islands and islets.
The greatest distance between two points is 968 km / 601.5 miles (between Land's End, Cornwall and John O'Groats, Caithness), or 1,349 km / 838 miles using the national road network.
It is the third most populous island after Java and Honshū.[14]
The English Channel is thought to have been created between 450,000 and 180,000 years ago by two catastrophic glacial lake outburst floods caused by the breaching of the Weald-Artois Anticline, a ridge which held back a large proglacial lake, now submerged under the North Sea.[15] Around 10,000 years ago, during the Devensian glaciation with its lower sea level, Great Britain was not an island, but an upland region of northwestern Europe, lying partially underneath the Eurasian ice sheet. The sea level was about 120 metres (390 ft) lower than today, and the bed of the North Sea was dry and acted as a land bridge to Europe, now known as Doggerland. It is generally thought that as sea levels gradually rose after the end of the last glacial period of the current ice age, Doggerland became submerged beneath the North Sea, cutting off what was previously the British peninsula from the European mainland by around 6500 BC.[16]

History


Main articles: History of England, History of Scotland, History of Wales, and History of the United Kingdom
The island was first inhabited by people who crossed over the land bridge from the European mainland. Traces of early humans have been found (at Boxgrove Quarry, Sussex) from some 500,000 years ago[17] and modern humans from about 30,000 years ago. Until about 10,000 years ago, Great Britain was joined to Ireland, and as recently as 8,000 years ago it was joined to the continent by a strip of low marsh to what is now Denmark and the Netherlands. In Cheddar Gorge near Bristol, the remains of animal species native to mainland Europe such as antelopes, brown bears, and wild horses have been found alongside a human skeleton, 'Cheddar Man', dated to about 7150 BC. Thus, animals and humans must have moved between mainland Europe and Great Britain via a crossing.[18] Great Britain became an island at the end of the Pleistocene ice age when sea levels rose due to isostatic depression of the crust and the melting of glaciers.

According to John T. Koch and others, Britain in the Late Bronze Age was part of a maritime trading-networked culture called the Atlantic Bronze Age that also included Ireland, France, Spain and Portugal where Celtic languages developed.[19][20][21][22][23][24]

Its Iron Age inhabitants are known as the Britons, a group speaking a Celtic language. The Romans conquered most of the island (up to Hadrian's Wall, in northern England) and this became the Ancient Roman province of Britannia. For 500 years after the Roman Empire fell, the Britons of the south and east of the island were assimilated or displaced by invading Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes, often referred to collectively as Anglo-Saxons). At about the same time, Gaelic tribes from Ireland invaded the north-west, absorbing both the Picts and Britons of northern Britain, eventually forming the Kingdom of Scotland in the 9th century. The south-east of Scotland was colonised by the Angles and formed, until 1018, a part of the Kingdom of Northumbria. Ultimately, the population of south-east Britain came to be referred to, after the Angles, as the English people.

Germanic speakers referred to Britons as Welsh. This term eventually came to be applied exclusively to the inhabitants of what is now Wales, but it also survives in names such as Wallace, and in the second syllable of Cornwall. Cymry, a name the Britons used to describe themselves, is similarly restricted in modern Welsh to people from Wales, but also survives in English in the place name of Cumbria. The Britons living in the areas now known as Wales, Cumbria and Cornwall were not assimilated by the Germanic tribes, a fact reflected in the survival of Celtic languages in these areas into more recent times.[25] At the time of the Germanic invasion of Southern Britain, many Britons emigrated to the area now known as Brittany, where Breton, a Celtic language closely related to Welsh and Cornish and descended from the language of the emigrants, is still spoken. In the 9th century, a series of Danish assaults on northern English kingdoms led to them coming under Danish control (an area known as the Danelaw). In the 10th century, however, all the English kingdoms were unified under one ruler as the kingdom of England when the last constituent kingdom, Northumbria, submitted to Edgar in 959. In 1066, England was conquered by the Normans, who introduced a French ruling élite that was eventually assimilated. Wales came under Anglo-Norman control in 1282, and was officially annexed to England in the 16th century.
On 20 October 1604 King James (who had succeeded separately to the two thrones of England and Scotland) proclaimed himself as "King of Great Brittaine, France and Ireland", a title that continued to be used by many of his successors.[26] However, England and Scotland each remained legally in existence as separate countries with their own parliaments until 1707, when each parliament passed an Act of Union to ratify the Treaty of Union that had been agreed the previous year. This had the effect of creating a united kingdom, with a single, united parliament, from 1 May 1707. Though the Treaty of Union referred to the new all-island state, as the "United Kingdom of Great Britain", many regard the term 'United Kingdom' as being descriptive of the union rather than part of its formal name (which the Treaty stated was to be 'Great Britain' without further qualification.) Most reference books, therefore, describe the all-island kingdom that existed between 1707 and 1800 as the "Kingdom of Great Britain". 

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Britain

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